Every human being on the face of this planet has hormones that are naturally produced in their bodies. The functions of these hormones are to transfer messages between cells and organs. These are also responsible for the functioning of many other functions in their body.

Today we will look at the female hormones and their functions inside the body.

Female Hormones & Their Functions

Like males, female hormones also fluctuate throughout their life and have different effects on their body.

The four main female hormones include:

  • Estrogen
  • Progesterone
  • Testosterone
  • HCG

Let me explain these in detail and tell you what their function is inside the female body.

  • Estrogen

Like males have testosterone as their main sex hormone, estrogen is the best-known female sex hormone which plays a crucial role in the functioning of several organs within their body. This hormone is made inside the adrenal glands, ovaries and fatty tissues.

Estrogen is responsible for the growth of female breasts during puberty, thickening the uterus lining during their initial menstrual cycle and also helps in maintaining the bone strength and structure as it works with calcium, vitamin D and other important minerals within the body to prevent bone lose.

This is the reason why a small amount of this hormone is also present in the male body.

  • Progesterone

This hormone is also produced in the ovaries and adrenal tissue but unlike estrogen it has a delayed action in the body. As mentioned above, estrogen works at the beginning of the menstrual cycle while progesterone kicks in during the second half of the cycle.

Once the process of ovulation is complete, this hormone continues to develop the lining of the uterus so that the egg can be implanted.

Bioidentical hormone replacement specialist, Dr. Candace Lane says that progesterone hormone becomes weaker during 40’s and also after menopause.

When this hormone level drops in body, it can result in different health symptoms like mood swings, weight gain, depression, osteoporosis, pain and irritability. Dr. Candace also mentioned that when progesterone levels drop, estrogen will become the primary sex hormone, creating an estrogen dominance within the woman’s body.

  • Testosterone

Testosterone is a male dominant hormone but is found in small quantity in females as well. The glands produce a very small amount of this hormone. This hormone is produced by other hormones in the woman’s body which include DHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone) and DHEA-S (type of DHEA). These are the steroid hormones, produced within the adrenal glands.

Its function in the woman’s body is similar to that of a male’s body with the only difference that it has a very little impact. It helps with boosting energy levels in a woman, her libido, muscles, bones and sexual response to stimulation.

Some women have higher levels of testosterone and a study published in U.S. News and also in World Report concluded that such women are likely to choose a career with bigger risks.

  • HCG

HCG or Human Chorionic Gonadotrophin is another hormone which is naturally produced in women. This hormone is primarily formed in the cells that form placenta during the pregnancy period.

An interesting finding made by the American Pregnancy Foundation found that in woman, upon conception, hCG levels doubled every three days. However, those levels came back to normal after the 12th week of their pregnancy.

Important to note that hCG hormone is very important to maintain the production of progesterone.

For the proper functioning of a female body, all the above-mentioned hormones should be in proper balance. Any imbalance will result in different types of health complications. For example, too much high levels of testosterone results in facial hair growth and deepening of voice.

If such is the case, one should consult a health care professional.